… to Professor Donna Strickland of the University of Waterloo, was has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for her work with lasers.
The citation says that “Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland paved the way towards the shortest and most intense laser pulses ever created by mankind. Their revolutionary article was published in 1985 and was the foundation of Strickland’s doctoral thesis. Using an ingenious approach, they succeeded in creating ultrashort high-intensity laser pulses without destroying the amplifying material. First they stretched the laser pulses in time to reduce their peak power, then amplified them, and finally compressed them. If a pulse is compressed in time and becomes shorter, then more light is packed together in the same tiny space – the intensity of the pulse increases dramatically.” I actually understand what about half of that means … it is part of a revolution in eye surgery that will prevent blindness for many people.