There is a very interesting article in the Dallas News by Professor Timothy Snyder (Yale) which should be read with great care by all conservatives, and especially by Conservatives, even though it may really annoy some of both groups.
Professor Snyder looks back at the 20th century and then warns Americans (and it applies here, in Austria and Australia, in Britain, in Denmark, in France and Finland, in Germany and Greece, and in the Netherlands, New Zealand and Norway, too) about 20 warning signs that totalitarians and totalitarianism are on the rise:
“Here,” Dr Snyder writes, “are 20 lessons from across the fearful 20th century, adapted to the circumstances of today.” My comments follow each:
1. Do not obey in advance. Much of the power of authoritarianism is freely given. In times like these, individuals think ahead about what a more repressive government will want, and then start to do it without being asked. You’ve already done this, haven’t you? Stop. Anticipatory obedience teaches authorities what is possible and accelerates unfreedom.
It is altogether too common for many of us to overreact to every social or criminal outrage and demand greater and greater police and administrative power. We are, too often, too willing to trade away liberty for a bit more security and to just accept each new intrusion into our liberty, property and privacy.
2. Defend an institution. Follow the courts or the media, or a court or a newspaper. Do not speak of “our institutions” unless you are making them yours by acting on their behalf. Institutions don’t protect themselves. They go down like dominoes unless each is defended from the beginning.
This is a special weakness of those in the social conservative group … they, too often, want the institutions, especially the courts, to dance to a populist tune that they are calling.
3. Recall professional ethics. When the leaders of state set a negative example, professional commitments to just practice become much more important. It is hard to break a rule-of-law state without lawyers, and it is hard to have show trials without judges.
We need to celebrate judges and lawyers who stand yup to the bureaucracy and to elected politicians and make the law work for everyone … not just for the nice people.
4. When listening to politicians, distinguish certain words. Look out for the expansive use of “terrorism” and “extremism.” Be alive to the fatal notions of “exception” and “emergency.” Be angry about the treacherous use of patriotic vocabulary.
I think a lot of Canadians who might, otherwise, have voted Conservative in 2015 stayed home or even switched parties when it appeared that we were trying to make some groups into an enemy.
5. Be calm when the unthinkable arrives. When the terrorist attack comes, remember that all authoritarians at all times either await or plan such events in order to consolidate power. Think of the Reichstag fire. The sudden disaster that requires the end of the balance of power, the end of opposition parties, and so on, is the oldest trick in the Hitlerian book. Don’t fall for it.
This is a vital historical lesson!
6. Be kind to our language. Avoid pronouncing the phrases everyone else does. Think up your own way of speaking, even if only to convey that thing you think everyone is saying. (Don’t use the internet before bed. Charge your gadgets away from your bedroom, and read.) What to read? Perhaps “The Power of the Powerless” by Václav Havel, 1984 by George Orwell, The Captive Mind by Czeslaw Milosz, The Rebel by Albert Camus, The Origins of Totalitarianism by Hannah Arendt, or Nothing is True and Everything is Possible by Peter Pomerantsev.
This is one of the biggest faults I find with many, many conservatives: they tend to demonize everyone and every thing that is not a mirror image of their, personal and often quite ill informed beliefs.
7. Stand out. Someone has to. It is easy, in words and deeds, to follow along. It can feel strange to do or say something different. But without that unease, there is no freedom. And the moment you set an example, the spell of the status quo is broken, and others will follow.
This is especially important when everyone else is calling our prime minister silly, insulting names and so on. I’m certainly not above reusing “just not ready” and peppering my article with unflattering pictures of one of Foreign Minister Dion ‘s confused shrugs, but there need to be limits. Conservatives are civil.
8. Believe in truth. To abandon facts is to abandon freedom. If nothing is true, then no one can criticize power, because there is no basis upon which to do so. If nothing is true, then all is spectacle. The biggest wallet pays for the most blinding lights.
9. Investigate. Figure things out for yourself. Spend more time with long articles. Subsidize investigative journalism by subscribing to print media. Realize that some of what is on your screen is there to harm you. Bookmark PropOrNot or other sites that investigate foreign propaganda pushes.
Another point with which I am 100% in agreement.
10. Practice corporeal politics. Power wants your body softening in your chair and your emotions dissipating on the screen. Get outside. Put your body in unfamiliar places with unfamiliar people. Make new friends and march with them.
Yes, and this goes hand-in-hand with the one which follows. If you don’t have Liberal or NDP friends with whom you can share laughter, civil political discourse, a pint or two and your own insights into politics and policy then you are not, I think, a real Conservative.
11. Make eye contact and small talk. This is not just polite. It is a way to stay in touch with your surroundings, break down unnecessary social barriers, and come to understand whom you should and should not trust. If we enter a culture of denunciation, you will want to know the psychological landscape of your daily life.
See above and my comments on points 6 and 7.
12. Take responsibility for the face of the world. Notice the swastikas and the other signs of hate. Do not look away and do not get used to them. Remove them yourself and set an example for others to do so.
I have to do more of this … we all do.
13. Hinder the one-party state. The parties that took over states were once something else. They exploited a historical moment to make political life impossible for their rivals. Vote in local and state elections while you can.
Yes! … I think my voting record local/municipal, provincial and federal is pretty nearly perfect (maybe 98%, for the last 25 years and good, say 75% for the 30 years before that. (I got to vote before I was 21 (in 1962) because I was in the arm.)
14. Give regularly to good causes, if you can. Pick a charity and set up autopay. Then you will know that you have made a free choice that is supporting civil society helping others doing something good.
Yes, again … and I am a member of the Conservative Party of Canada because I believe that we should actively support a party … maybe some people will, every few years, switch parties: many people are NDP/Liberal and many other are Liberal/Conservative. Supporting a political parry is good for you and for the process and the government recognizes that and gives you a very generous tax deduction.
15. Establish a private life. Nastier rulers will use what they know about you to push you around. Scrub your computer of malware. Remember that email is skywriting. Consider using alternative forms of the internet, or simply using it less. Have personal exchanges in person. For the same reason, resolve any legal trouble. Authoritarianism works as a blackmail state, looking for the hook on which to hang you. Try not to have too many hooks.
Yes … just good common sense.
16. Learn from others in other countries. Keep up your friendships abroad, or make new friends abroad. The present difficulties here are an element of a general trend. And no country is going to find a solution by itself. Make sure you and your family have passports.
This may not be easy for all of us, but we must not be social isolationists any more than we should be political isolationists or trade protectionists. Real Conservatives are open to the world.
17. Watch out for the paramilitaries. When the men with guns who have always claimed to be against the system start wearing uniforms and marching around with torches and pictures of a Leader, the end is nigh. When the pro-Leader paramilitary and the official police and military intermingle, the game is over.
18. Be reflective if you must be armed. If you carry a weapon in public service, God bless you and keep you. But know that evils of the past involved policemen and soldiers finding themselves, one day, doing irregular things. Be ready to say no. (If you do not know what this means, contact the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and ask about training in professional ethics.)
19. Be as courageous as you can. If none of us is prepared to die for freedom, then all of us will die in unfreedom.
Remember what George Orwell said:
If you cannot or will not fight yourself then demand that your government raise, train and equip professional military forces who will do it for you.
20. Be a patriot. The incoming president is not. Set a good example of what America means for the generations to come. They will need it.
Ditto for Canada … our prime minister is not a patriot either, although, perhaps, for reasons that are quite different from Mr Trump’s.